A mantle plume is an area under the rocky outer layer of Earth called the crust where magma is hotter than the surrounding magmaThe heat from this extra hot magma causes melting and thinning of the rocky crust which leads to widespread volcanic activity on Earthrsquos surface above the plume.
Limare in Treatise on Geophysics Second Edition 2015 73 Largescale cellular circulation and plumes at high PrTo obtain high Rayleigh number in highPr fluids requires large temperature differences typically ≥ 20 176C and large depths typically ≥ 20–30 cmThe aspect ratios of these experiments are therefore small between 1 and 3 at most.
Apr 16 2018nbsp018332The Yellowstone hotspot has long been suspected to be part of a mantle plume—a region of the mantle that is hot but still solid and that is buoyantly upwellingMantle plumes may originate from the boundary between Earths mantle and core nearly 3000 km about 1850 mi beneath the surface.
Mantle dynamics past present and future an introduction and overview in Treatise on Geophysics volNew York Elsevier 2007 chapter 1 pp.
8 February 2003 Vol 44 Mantle plumes heatflow near Iceland In the first of four pieces arising from Gill Foulger’s challenge to the mantle plume hypothesis last issue Carol Stein and Seth Stein join the debate with some data and comment on heatflow around Iceland.
G Heat flow data on one of the most classic type localities where a mantle plume is supposed to meet Earths surface i.
Jan 28 2022nbsp018332The magma chamber is supplied by the heat from a mantle plume which causes partial melting in the crustA large mantle plume is located underneath Yellowstone and is the source of the heat that.
Mantle plume is an upwelling of abnormally hot rock within the earth8217s mantle which carries heat upward in narrow rising columns driven by heat exchange across the coremantle boundaryEventually the rising column of hot rock reaches the base of the lithosphere where it spreads out forming a mushroomshaped cap to the plumeHeat transferred from the plume raises the temperature in the lower lithosphere to above melting point and forms magma chambers that feed volcanoes at the surfaceIt is a secondary way through which earth loses heat.
Mantle plume is an upwelling of abnormally hot rock within the earth’s mantle which carries heat upward in narrow rising columns driven by heat exchange across the coremantle boundaryEventually the rising column of hot rock reaches the base of the lithosphere where it spreads out forming a mushroomshaped cap to the plume.
Mantle plume is thought to be hotter than the ambient asthenosphereThe melts generated from the hotter mantle may show higher MgO concentrations gt 12 wtThis is supported by the picritic basalt eruption for most of the plumedriven LIPS Jourdan et al.
Mantle plumes heatflow near IcelandAstronomy and Geophysics 200337 Full PDFs related to this paperMantle plumes heatflow near Iceland.
Mar 24 2022nbsp018332the mantle plume driven by heat exchange across the coremantle boundary carrying heat upward in a narrow rising column and postulated to be independent of plate motionsThe plume hypothesis was studied using laboratory experiments conducted in small fluidfilled tanks in the early 1970s.
May 25 2021nbsp018332Localized hot upwelling plumes are expected in any terrestrialtype planet mantle where convection operates through bottom heating in a temperaturedependent viscosity fluid of uniform.
Nov 15 2005nbsp0183321IntroductionThe hot upwelling plumes as manifested by hotspot volcanoes transport heat and mass from deep mantle to the base of the lithosphere and induce topographic high called hotspotswell.
Oct 19 2020nbsp018332Abstract All known mantle plumes are characterized by a divergence between the location of the extreme heat flow and the recent volcanism centerTo explain this phenomenon it is proposed to consider the Coriolis effect influence which deflects the magma flow within a mantle plume from the trajectory that is orthogonal to the planet surface.
Originally the uplift at Hawaii and similar midplate hotspots was thought to reflect a hot plume causing heating to about 50 km of the surface Crough 1983 McNutt and Judge 1990Such heating predicts heat flow significantly higher than from the usual cooling of oceanic lithosphere as it spreads away from the midocean ridges where it formed.
Seroussi and Ivins39 simulations using a heat flow higher than 150 milliwatts per square meter showed too much melting to be compatible with the spacebased data except in one location an area inland of the Ross Sea known for intense flows of waterThis region required a heat flow of at least 150 8211 180 milliwatts per square meter to agree with the observationsHowever seismic imaging has shown that mantle heat in this region may reach the ice sheet through a rift that is a fracture in Earth39s crust such as appears in Africa39s Great Rift Valley.
The mantle plume driven by heat exchange across the coremantle boundary carrying heat upward in a narrow rising column and postulated to be independent of plate motions.
The stability of an ice sheet is closely related to how much water lubricates it from below allowing glaciers to slide more easilyUnderstanding the sources and future of the meltwater under West Antarctica is important for estimating the rate at which ice may be lost to the ocean in the future.
They found that the flux of energy from the mantle plume must be no more than 150 milliwatts per square meterRegions with no volcanic activity the heat flux from Earth39s mantle is 40 to 60 milliwattsUnder Yellowstone National Park 8211nbspa wellknown geothermal hot spot 8211nbspthe heat from below is about 200 milliwatts per square meter averaged over the entire park though individual geothermal features such as geysers are much hotter.
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